Chapter 2: Street Medics in Urban Protest
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Chapter 1: Street Medic History
Edited: 19 Dec 2012 23:28 by: Grace Keller
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Chapter 1: Street Medic History
Edited: 19 Dec 2012 23:28 by: Grace Keller
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Chapter 7: Street Medics Teach and Mentor
Edited: 04 Dec 2012 09:47 by: Grace Keller
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Chapter 3: Street Medics in Backwoods and Rural Protest
Edited: 23 Nov 2012 08:58 by: Grace Keller
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Chapter started by Grace Keller
23 Nov 2012 08:48

Seattle WTO

From Wikipedia: Protest activity surrounding the WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999, which was to be the launch of a new millennial round of trade negotiations, occurred on November 30, 1999 (nicknamed "N30" on similar lines to J18 and similar mobilizations), when the World Trade Organization (WTO) convened at the Washington State Convention and Trade Center in Seattle, Washington.

The negotiations were quickly overshadowed by massive and controversial street protests outside the hotels and the Washington State Convention and Trade Center, in what became the second phase of the anti-globalization movement in the United States. The scale of the demonstrations — even the lowest estimates put the crowd at over 40,000 — dwarfed any previous demonstration in the United States against a world meeting of any of the organizations generally associated with economic globalization (such as the WTO, the International Monetary Fund, or the World Bank). The events are sometimes referred to as the Battle of Seattle or the Battle in Seattle.


From Wikipedia: The 2000 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States convened at the First Union Center (now the Wells Fargo Center) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from July 31 to August 3, 2000. The 2066 delegates assembled at the convention nominated Texas Governor George W. Bush for President and former U.S. Secretary of Defense Richard B. "Dick" Cheney for Vice President.

Quebec City FTAA

From Wikipedia: The 3rd Summit of the Americas was a summit held in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on April 20–22, 2001. This international meeting was a round of negotiations regarding a proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas. The talks are perhaps better known for the security preparations and demonstrations that surrounded them than for the progress of the negotiations.

The Quebec City protests (called A20) were one of the largest anti-globalization demonstrations to that point…. The primary day of protests was Friday, April 20. It began with the Second Peoples' Summit of the Americas, an educational and political gathering…. From there…, the number of people marching has been estimated at anywhere from 50,000 to 150,000.

Police responded … by firing tear gas canisters, water cannon, and rubber bullets, dispersing large groupings of protesters … including teach-ins and teams of medics providing first aid to other protesters;… arresting various perceived movement leaders and the expulsion of the independent media centre and protest clinic from their locations. So much tear gas was used that delegates were incommoded inside their meeting halls…. "plastic bullets were being used increasingly, and from guns with laser sights so at night people could often see that the cops were intentionally aiming for heads or groins."

Miami FTAA

From Wikipedia: The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) was a proposed agreement to eliminate or reduce the trade barriers among all countries in the Americas excluding Cuba. In the [2003] negotiations, trade ministers from 34 countries met in Miami, United States.

The proposed agreement was an extension of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Opposing the proposal were Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador, Dominica, and Nicaragua (all of which entered the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas in response), and Mercosur member states. Discussions have faltered over similar points as the Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization (WTO) talks; developed nations seek expanded trade in services and increased intellectual property rights, while less developed nations seek an end to agricultural subsidies and free trade in agricultural goods.

Four days before the FTAA, the city passed City of Miami Ordinance 54-6.1, outlawing a broad range of items that could be construed as weapons or devices for disrupting public order, as in a "sleeping dragon" and outlawed any coordinated group of two or more people who are attempting to get public attention and disrupt the normal flow of traffic. In addition, any gathering of 8 or more people lasting more than 30 minutes without a permit would be considered illegal. The ordinance was designed specifically for the FTAA and had a sunset provision built into it. Miami-Dade State Attorney Kathy Fernandez Rundle responded to allegations of police brutality saying "The police were very professional, very controlled… I think we have a model here for the rest of the world to emulate in the future when these sort of events take place." Further allegations and complaints were met with assurances by authorities that police had acted 'according to plan'.

Minneapolis / St Paul RNC

From Wikipedia: The United States 2008 Republican National Convention took place at the Xcel Energy Center in Saint Paul, Minnesota, from September 1, through September 4, 2008. The first day of the Republican Party's convention fell on Labor Day, the last day of the popular Minnesota State Fair, though because of Hurricane Gustav, this day was mostly a call for action to help victims and formal, required activities; most of the politicking and partying did not start until Tuesday, the second scheduled day…. The attending delegates at the convention nominated Senator John McCain of Arizona for President and Governor Sarah Palin of Alaska for Vice President.

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